History of Hatay
Hatay has its 2300 years past that located in Antakia and first location date is nearly B.C 8000. Seleukos was built this city after Alexander.There were dominance of Part, Sasani,Byzintanian, Abbasi Tolunogullari,Aksitler, Hamdanogullari,Seljuklu,Hachli and Memluk. City was dominance of Ottoman during expedition of Yavuz Sultan Selim to Egypt . It was established independent Hatay State in 1937 and combined to Turkey Republic in 1939.
The one of the attractive propority of Antakya is; located at crossroad of Syria and Palestine with Anatolia. In addition there are appropiraete ports that using for exit from Mesopotamia to Medditerian. Hatay is centre of religion turism, antique cities, and plateaus. Traveling places Iskenderun Iskenderun is combined to Hatay and modern port city that named with Hatay.Hatay is busy region with its port and located behind of Nur Moutions and know with four seasons turism center. Mosques and Churches There is the first Catolic Church Saint Pierre of world in Hatay turism center of religion. Hatay was important in christianity period and it is center of four big patriarchates. Walls Around of Antakya was clinging with high walls that had been in Seleukes ages. There were 360 guard towers and inside castle remants on walls that have been founded in highest hill of Habib Nejjar Mountion. Demirkapi(İrondoor): This wall had been built for control severe flooding from Hajikurush and located in deep and narrow valley that is on Habib Nejjar Mountion. The same time these using for as a door for enterance to city nowadays. Bridges Demirkopru( Stonebridge) : Over Asi river and between Antakya and Reyhanli. This bridge was important place for passage for people and in protection of Antakya in middle ages.Bridge are being used although it towers ( built with stones and have towers and doors) have been broken. Dana Ahmetli Bridge: Over Karasu River is in Kirikkhan valley. This is stone bridge with 6 eyes. It thougth that bridge had been built by Mimar Sinan in 16 th century. Castles Koz Castle : ( Kurshad Castle other name of castle) Two sign of castle built with big block stones are in life and ıt thought this castle was built in Antakya Prince Times. Bakras Castle: The majority of sides are in life and it is located in 27 km way of Antakya -Iskenderun , 4 km inside of way on high hill. Payas Castle: An Ottoman castle and restoreted in 1567. It had been used as prison at least hundred years. Mancinik Castle: It had been built in 1290 and located over high hill between Dortyol. There are a few remants of castle. Djin Castle: One of the police station castle for preventing port was built in 1577 and located between castle and port. Darbisak Castle: Is in over of hill and between Kirikkhan and Hassa 4 km far away from Kirikkhan . It is over Beyazid Bestami Palace Barbi-Sak Castle. One mosque and tomb had been built end of 19th century. The thousands are visiting this place. Hans , Hamams ( Turkish Bathroom) There are a lot of hans and hamams which had been built by foundations at last years inside Antakya. The working Hans and Hamams have taken cultural proporties and architecture of culture to modern day. The using places are; Jindi Hamam, Saka Hamam, Meydan Hamam, Yeni Hamam, Kurshunlu Han, and Sokullu Han.
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