Sinop is a city with a population of 36,734 on İnce Burun (İnceburun, Cape Ince), by its Cape Sinop (Sinop Burnu, Boztepe Cape, Boztepe Burnu) which is situated on the most northern edge of the Turkish side of the Black Sea coast, in the ancient region of Paphlagonia, in modern-day northern Turkey, historically known as Sinope It is the capital of Sinop Province. History Long used as a Hittite port, which appears in Hittite sources as "Sinuwa" the city proper was re-founded as a Greek colony from the city of Miletus in the 7th century BC. Sinope flourished as the Black Sea port of a caravan route that led from the upper Euphrates valley. It issued its own coinage, founded colonies, and gave its name to a red earth pigment called sinopia, which was mined in Cappadocia for use throughout the ancient world. Sinope escaped Persian domination until the early 4th century BC. It was ruled by Scydrothemis from 301 to 280 BC. In 183 BC it was captured by Pharnaces I and became capital of the Kingdom of Pontus. The Roman general Lucullus conquered Sinope in 70 BC, and Julius Caesar established a Roman colony there, Colonia Julia Felix, in 47 BC. Mithradates Eupator was born and buried at Sinope, and it was the birthplace of Diogenes, of Diphilus, poet and actor of the New Attic comedy, of the historian Baton, and of the Christian heretic of the 2nd century AD, Marcion. After the division of the Roman Empire in 395, Sinope remained with the Eastern Roman or Byzantine Empire. Its history in the early Byzantine period is obscure, except for isolated events: it was used by Justinian II as a base from which to reconnoitre Cherson, participated in the rebellion of the Armeniac Theme in 793, was the site of Theophobos' proclamation as emperor by his Khurramite troops in 838, and suffered its only attack by the Arabs in 858. In 1081, the city was captured by the Seljuk Turks, who found there a sizeable treasury, but Sinope was soon recovered by Alexios I Komnenos, ushering a period of prosperity under the Komnenian dynasty. After the sacking of Constantinople by the Fourth Crusade in 1204, it was captured for the Empire of Trebizond by David Komnenos, until the Seljuk Turks of Rûm successfully captured the city in 1214. The city returned briefly to Trapezuntine rule in ca. 1254, but returned to Turkish control in 1265, where it has remained since. After 1265, Sinop became home to two successive independent emirates following the fall of the Seljuks: the Pervâne and the Jandarids. The Ottoman Sultan Mehmet II overawed Ismail, the emir of Sinope on his march on Trebizond, and forced him to surrender the city to the Sultan late June 1461 without a fight. The emir was exiled to Philippopolis (modern Plovdiv) in northern Thrace. In November 1853, at the start of the Crimean War, in the Battle of Sinop, the Russians, under the command of Admiral Nakhimov, destroyed an Ottoman frigate squadron in Sinop, leading Britain and France to declare war on Russia. In the late 19th and early 20th century, Sinop was part of the Kastamonu Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire. As of 1920, Sinop was described as populated mainly by Greeks with an approximate population of 8,000. It was also considered the "safest" port "between Bosphorus and Batum," at the time. During this period, the port was exporting wheat, tobacco, seeds, timber and hides. They imported produce, coal and hardware. Sinop hosted a US military base that was important for intelligence during the cold war era. The US base was closed in 1992. Explorer Bob Ballard discovered an ancient ship wreck north west of Sinop in the Black Sea and was shown on National Geographic. Traveling Places of Sinop 1.Babachay Canyon Babachay Canyon is located in the district of Sinop Ayancık. Ayancık located in Kastamonu about 17 kilometers of road. At the end of İnaltı trails in the canyon lies the cave. General of the marching ultimate in caves in the rock tombs discovered to neglect Boyabat only one of our etmiyor.lke solid rock tomb, not much is known for not introducing too much. Solid rock tombs included in your trip whether it should be among the first ones to discover Sinop. 2.Boyabat Rock Tombs Tombs in Boyabat district, located in the southeast of the Salar village. The height of the rock tombs carved into limestone find the 200 meters. Square column headers and column bases where the lion ... Boyabat Rock Tombs is estimated that made by Paflagonyalı. 3.Hamsilos Bay Although the actual name of the sheep Hamsolos referred to as Hamsilos by the public. Sinop is about 11 kilometers away and can be reached Akliman way. Hamsilos dark days that you found in Sinop should include strong. Do not forget to take along a camera you during your trip. 4.İnalt Cave Moreover, a large budget is devoted to the study of caves. In 2001 İnaltı lit cave before, corrected ring road, walking the stairs were made. The cave, which today has managed to become an important tourist zone was put into service in 2004. The cave and the surrounding trout plants İnaltı the canyon of the same name also continues to welcome incoming visitors. If you fall you can visit the Cave İnaltı way to Sinop. Among the places you'll hindsight; Erfelek Waterfalls and Sinop Castle. Do not forget to create a city tour to familiarize yourself with the list. 5.Erfelek Falls Soak up the stairs in the form of flowing water gradually work and the effect is long lasting. Your ability to make camp around the waterfall where the lake suitable for swimming are also available. Nature you are looking for a quiet place to get rid of mold is nested in a crowded area you are looking for a full efelek Falls. Black joined the tour can see this wonderful and unique nature had an excellent time. In the meantime, do not forget to visit the cave in Sinop İnaltı 6.Sinop Akgol 1200m Ayancık township located in Sinop. yayladır.2 lake fed a high tea, often quite uygun.göl for wildlife in the surrounding forest to picnic and trekking within the forest can be observed.