Van Province is a province in eastern Turkey, between Lake Van and the Iranian border. It is 19,069 km2 in area and had a population of 1,035,418 at the end of 2010.Its adjacent provinces are Bitlis to the west, Siirt to the southwest, Sirnak and Hakkâri to the south, and Agri to the north. The capital is the city of Van. History This area was the heartland of Armenians, who lived in these areas from the time of Hayk in the 3rd millennium BCE right up to the late 19th century when the Ottoman Empire seized all the land from the natives. In the 9th century BC the Van area was the center of the Urartian kingdom.The area was a major Armenian population center. The region came under the control of the Armenian Orontids in the 7th century BC and later Persians in the mid-6th century BC. By the early 2nd century BC it was part of the Kingdom of Armenia. It became an important center during the reign of the Armenian king, Tigranes II, who founded the city of Tigranakert in the 1st century BC. With the Seljuq victory at the Battle of Malazgirt in 1071, just north of Lake Van, it became a part of the Seljuq Empire and later the Ottoman Empire during their century long wars with their neighboring Iranian Safavid arch rivals, in which Selim I managed to conquer the area over the latter. The area continued to be contested and was passed on between the Ottoman Empire and the Safavids (and their subsequent successors, the Afsharids and Qajars) for many centuries afterwards, all the way up to during the 19th century.
You have to see this important Van Castle to your trip programme.This castle remaining from Urartus and history of it longs to B.C 885.Other castles of Van are Zernek Castle,Ayanis Castle,Hoshap Castle, and Chavushtepe Castle.
Van Lake: One of the symbol of Van is Van Lake.There are a lot of beauties around this lake and it will be one of the station of your trip.Other Lake is Erchek Lake that you can visit.
Akdamar Island: Is located in south side of Van Lake and one of the beauty of Van Turkey.Akdamar the biggest ısland of Van lake.And there is Akdemir Church or Surp Armenian Church with other name the visiting point of travelers.
Churches: Van hosted a lot of civilizations in it untill history . For that you wil meet a lot of churches and mosques while your visit to Van.Akdemir Church, St Bartholomeus Church,Adir Church in Adir Island,Kaya Chelebi Mosque,Husrev Pasha mosque,Halime Hatun Cupolas,Suleiman Bey Cupolas, Twin Cupolases, Galip Pasha Cupolas,Hasan Bey Cupolas other places you should see.
Old Van City: It was place of Armenians and Turks untill world war and now it is ruin and unusable.It is located in south side of Van Castle and you can see some historic remants in here.
Thermals: If you want to travel and cure here you can use Erjish Doganji Thermal , Chatak Sheyh Djuruh Thermal ,Bashkale Kelegom Thermal and Bashkale Dereichi Thermal.
Fairy Chimneys: When you say Fairy Chimneys first you remember Cappadocia but in Van you can also find them.You can see Fairy Chimneys in Bashkale district of Van.
Van Museum: You should visit this place that came from Urartı civilization.It is located in city center and exhibiting handcraft arts.
Van Cat House: Van cat one of the symbol of Van. It is located at Yuzuncu Yil University campus and it is established for saving Van cat.